Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference. Academic Press: Elsevier; 2015. pp. 529-536.
Memory allows us to capture information from our life experi- ences and take advantage of this information in the future. One of the advantages of memory, as Hume observed, is that we can use it to construct a seemingly unbounded variety of thoughts in imagination. This stored knowledge about the world makes up what is known as our semantic memory. This type of memory differs from the autobiographical memory of past experiences, known as episodic memory. This observation is consistent with advances in psychology over the last half century that have taught us that not all memories are created equal. There is now a great deal of evidence that there are different kinds of memory. In this article, we will focus on a particular type of memory – semantic memory. We will begin by placing semantic memory within a broader context and discussing the major division between episodic memory and semantic memory. We will then review what is known about the cognitive and neuroanatomical architecture of the semantic memory system.