The behavioral variant of Frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is the most common presentation of Frontotemporal degeneration. This variant is characterized by progressive atrophy (cell loss) in frontal and anterior temporal regions of the brain leading to alterations in complex thinking, personality and behavior.
Below are the typical symptoms of behavioral variant Frontotemporal degeneration:
Given the gradual behavioral and personality changes typical of bvFTD, diagnosis of the syndrome can be challenging. Many patients endure multiple physician and mental-health referrals before their disease is recognized as a neurodegenerative disorder. Even when patients are identified as suffering from a neurological problem, they are often misdiagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia. Early and accurate diagnosis of bvFTD is crucial, as it allows for appropriate care and counseling of patients and their families. Most importantly, accurate diagnosis of behavioral variant Frontotemporal degeneration will identify patients likely to benefit from new medications, once these become available.